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Feline panleukopenia is a highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats that is seen worldwide. Kittens are affected most severely. The causative parvovirus. Feline Panleukopenia virus (FPV), also commonly referred to as feline distemper, is a highly contagious and life-threatening viral disease in cats. Learn more. Feline panleukopenia virus is highly contagious. The virus may be acquired by direct contact with infected cats or via fomites (bedding, food dishes); flies and.

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Clinical disease In kittens over three or four weeks of age and in adult cats the virus causes a very severe gastroenteritis, following an incubation period of five to nine days. It causes a decrease in the cat’s white blood cellsthus compromising its immune system.

Pathogenesis of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus.

Feline panleukopenia virus FPValso known as feline infectious enteritisvirux parvoviral enteritis, [1] feline distemper, [2] feline ataxia, or cat plague, [3] is a viral infection affecting cats, both domesticated and wild feline species. Feline parvovirus is much better prevented than treated. Treatment of canine parvoviral enteritis with interferon-omega in a placebo-controlled field trial. Infected cats and kittens usually have a fever, are obviously depressed and will not eat.

Pregnant queens infected with parvovirus, the virus can spread to the unborn kittens where it can interfere with the developing brain. Skip to main content. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This is why administering modified live feline panleukopenia vaccine during pregnancy is discouraged. Protective clothing must be worn and hands washed thoroughly after handling any cat or kitten suspected of having the disease.

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Cat diseases Animal virology. How to guides Keeping your cat happy The cat friendly home Playing with your cat Indoors or outdoors? Anti-emetic drugs may be panleukoppenia to help stop vomiting, and feeding the cat small meals as soon as the vomiting has resolved is also important. This is because the virus affects the infected cat’s immune system, leaving it vulnerable to secondary infection.


Infectious diseases of the dog and cat, Philadelphia: This is often key in diagnosing panleukopenia. Recombinant feline interferon omega or human interferon products might be of some help in the treatment of severe cases. The viruses have a broad tropism for mitotically active cells.

WB Saunders Company, In other projects Wikispecies. Treatment No specific treatment is available for FPV infection and it is vital that any suspected cases are nursed in isolation as this is a highly contagious disease. However, fecal antigen is detectable only for a short time after infection.

Pathogenesis of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus.

Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats. J Feline Med Surg. Feline panleukopaenia and canine parvovirus are extremely closely related, but viruses cannot be transmitted between dogs and cats. Retrieved 26 May May Learn how and when to remove this template message. False-negative results are common.

In older animals the virus replicates systemically, primarily in the primary and secondary lymphoid tissues, and also in the rapidly replicating cells of the small intestinal epithelial crypts. Views Read Edit View history. Where possible, one or two people who do not handle any other cats should be assigned as nurses.

No specific treatment is available for FPV infection and felihe is vital that any suspected cases are nursed in isolation as this is a highly contagious disease.

How we’re helping cats Our campaigns Our welfare felone Guidance for cat professionals Improving veterinary care. At the beginning of the s, cats brought to Marion Islandpanleuko;enia of the Prince Edward Islandsto deal with a mouse problem in the local meteorological station, went out of growth control. Whether the reduction in cell numbers in vivo is due to virus replicating in and killing cells, or due to other indirect effects, is not known.

From Wikipedia, panleukooenia free encyclopedia. Hyponatremia and other electrolyte disturbances are also quite common, as is hypotensionhyperpyrexia or, late in the disease, hypothermia. Retrieved 30 May This results in profuse and usually bloody diarrhea, severe dehydration, malnutrition, anemiaand often death.


Kittens may then be born with a condition known as cerebellar hypoplasia lack of development of the cerebellum, a part of the brain needed for fine coordination of movement. Overall, any long-term sequalae in survivors of feline panleukopenia is extremely rare, with almost all cats who survive making a full vitus.

Modified live vaccines should not be used in pregnant queens or cats that are immunosuppressed and, in such cases, inactivated killed vaccines are recommended. Affected cats may sit for hours at their water bowl, although they may not drink much. The patients’ severe leukocytopenia predispose them to secondary infections, especially bacterial and fungal, though secondary viral infections also occur with some frequency.

Control Feline parvovirus is much better prevented than treated. Zoonoses Cats and pnaleukopenia Cats and pregnancy cat health A to Z of conditions and treatments Life stages Keeping your cat healthy cat behaviour Cat behaviour described Problem behaviour Urine spraying Soiling indoors Scratching indoors Aggression between cats Aggression to psnleukopenia Over-grooming Pica in cats Feline bereavement Anxious cats Stressed cats Problem behaviour Understanding your cat Why do cats?

Treatment involves whole blood transfusion to improve pancytopenia, intravenous fluids as most cats are dehydrated, injections of vitamins A, B, and C, IV antibiotics to prevent septicemiawhich develops in most cats with feline panleukopenia if antibiotics are not used, and hospitalization. When faced with an outbreak of FPV in a colony of cats, vaccinating all the cats will help, and in some countries anti-FPV serum is available that may be given to susceptible cats and kittens to help protect them by providing antibodies against the virus.