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Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only once a year. Creative and Mental Growth has 48 ratings and 1 review. Children are the essence of this book, but more than that, they are the essence of society. Creat. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Creative and mental growth / [by]Viktor Lowenfeld | Incluye bibliografía }.

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Other factors in creativity have been identified as being a part of this important process. To a great extent the passing or failing of an examination or of a course, or the passing on to the next grade, or even the remaining in school depends upon the mastery or memoriza- tion of certain bits vikhor information that are already known to the instruc- tor.

A techni- que, therefore, cannot be explained or taught. Tracy Bhojedat rated it really liked it Mar 22, This intrinsic value of any art experience seems to be of great educational significance, since it promotes the natural tendency of growth.

He might have been punished for breaking crayons or “spoiling” or “wasting” paper. The flowing, merging character of water color will be investigated. By putting himself in the place of others, he learned the needs of others; by using his art material sensitively, he actually learned to identify with its behavior — both are important parts of social growth.

Rarely can there be found a scribbling or babbling that is not a direct expression of a mental and emotional state. It has been revealed by experimentation and research that more than half of all children exposed to coloring books lose their cre- ativeness and their independence of expression and become rigid and dependent.

This can happen if art education is applied improperly and if a child is urged to do something not appropriate to his development, or even if the child’s work is criticized in a way that is not adjusted to the level of his ability to understand. Education must awaken before it is too late.


The teacher must make himself acquainted with the physical and psychological needs of the child. Creative and Mental Growth 8th Edition. This creafive to all stages and levels of creative activity. This represents the greatest misunderstand- ing of the meaning of integration.

The one child may express himself by means of outlines; the other may require filled-in spaces to satisfy his needs.

The consequences of such self-denial, of such an adherence to the past, are griwth serious to be overlooked. When, inViktpr leschi added the dome, the first of its kind, as an entirely different concept of style and building, he did something perhaps more revolutionary and modern than comparable architectural changes of our times, for there was no one who complained about the differences in styles even within the one building.

There is always something to learn. Cody Wheelock rated crsative did not like it May 19, The very act of creating can provide new insights and new knowledge for further action. Therefore, he must completely subordinate his adult needs or de- sires to those of the child. The latter is usually stressed in schools where the outcome of thinking is the one correct answer, or the most acceptable method for solution.

Creative and Mental Growth

For one student, water color may be the medium through which he expresses his desires without technical interference. This self-identification with the artist in understanding and appreciating his work will have to deal with three main factors, all closely interrelated: One cannot exist without the other.

Do we study it for our own purpose of gaining insight into the child’s growth, his experiences, his emotions, his interest. This influ- ence often grows to such an extent that complex forms of art, even in spite of technical perfection, may lack completely the inner spirit or the mental and emotional state of the creator. AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. Without question, one of the prime objectives of any art program is the development of individuals who are creative thinkers.

He overwhelmed his listeners, both as in- dividuals and as large audiences, with an intensity that was awe-inspiring. Showing of 12 reviews. He observed the apples, Mary’s dress, and became more sensitive to his environment. As self-evident as this sounds, in most of the art appreciation practiced in our classrooms the level of understanding and emotional relationship of the appreciator are almost completely neglected. For example, a teacher who sees a scribbling child must not only be able to identify with the needs of a child in this stage of development but he must also be able to identify with the particular needs of this individual child.


Creative and Mental Growth by Viktor Lowenfeld

One child may use crayons only linearly; another may use the same material with the broad side. A study by Heilman shows clear evidence of the detrimental effects of the use of workbooks. Man learns through his senses. Vkitor are the essence of this book, but more than that, they are the essence of society. Dad fixes the fence; Johnny mentl not draw Dad without putting himself into Dad’s place while fixing the fence.

For Johnny the apple tree in growtth yard grlwth have big apples because he has been watching them grow. In recent years, however, the more academic courses have begun to develop an interest in fostering creative thinking.

At any age, we find many levels of physical proficiency. I also wish to acknowledge the kind assistance of the many colleagues and friends who have helped give direction to the new edition. A child who expresses the importance of an object by overemphasizing it — as the Egyptians who drew the king larger than the servants — would become confused by criticism based on our visual sense of proportion.

Since these experiences change with the growth of the individual, self-identification is a dynamic science. I wish to express my deepest appreciation to Mrs.